07 June 2016

CST311 Week 6

This week we covered the Network Layer, including IP datagram format, IP Addressing, ICMP and Traceroute and DHCP.
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each node participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing. In the IPv4 scheme addresses are 32 bits.

Traceroute, by default, sends a sequence of User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets addressed to a destination host; ICMP Echo Request or TCP SYN packets can also be used. The time-to-live (TTL) value, also known as hop limit, is used in determining the intermediate routers being traversed towards the destination.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a client/server protocol that automatically provides an Internet Protocol (IP) host with its IP address and other related configuration information such as the subnet mask and default gateway.

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